Geography of ChittoorChittoor lies on the bank of Ponnai River between the two metro cities Chennai and Bangalore on NH4. NH18 also passes by the Chittoor district. The city lies at a distance of 180Km from Bangalore, 160Km from Chennai and 560Km from Hyderabad.
Location of Chittoor
Geographically the Chittoor district is located at 78º 30' and 79º 55E, of the eastern longitudes and 12º 37' and 14ºN, of northern latitudes. The city was established in 1911 and the official language of the district is Telugu. The other languages spoken in the district are Tamil, Hindi, Urdu and English.
The area covered by the district is 15, 359 km² and the population of the district according to 2011 census is 4,170, 468. The district is bounded by Anantapur District on the northwest, Cuddapah District on the north, Nellore District on the northeast, Vellore and Tiruvallur districts of Tamil Nadu to the south, and Karnataka to the southwest.
The district can be divided into two natural regions one is the eastern Chittoor comprising of Buchinaidu khandriga, K.V.B. Puram, Kambhamvaripalle, Karvetinagar, Nagalapuram, Nagari, Narayanavanam, Nindra, Pitchatur, Puttur, Satyavedu, Srikalahasti, Srirangarajapuram, Thottambedu, Vadamalapeta, Varadaiahpalem, Vedurukuppam, Vijayapuram and Yerpedu. The western part comprises of the remaining 31mandals.
The dividing line of the region in eastern and western part consists of eight mandals including Chittoor. In the western region of the district is the Eastern Ghats mountain region. They enter at Sheshchalam hills of Tirupati and passes by Chandraghiri taluka. The elevation of the mountain in the region is 2,500 ft above sea level.
People of ChittoorChittoor district culture is a mixed culture of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Though people of all religion reside in the district, majority of the residents of the district belongs to Hindus. More than 30% of the area of the land is covered by forest. The types of soil found in the city are red loamy soil (57%), red sandy soil (34%), red clay, black loamy, black clay and black loamy soil.
Rivers and Forests of Chittoor
The major rivers of the district are Ponnai River and Swarnamukhi River. These rivers originate from Eastern ghats. Other than these two rivers the other rivers flowing the district includes Kusasthali, Beema, Bahuda, Pincha, Kalyani, Araniyar and Pedderu. The main rivers are Swarnamukhi, Kalangi, Papaghni, Koundinya, Paleru, Arani, Pinchcha, Cheyyeru, Neeva and Kusasthali. The rivers in the district are non perennial.
The types of forest that exists in the district are Dry Tropical deciduous forest, Southern Cutch thorn forest, and Tropical dry evergreen forest. The wild animals found in the area are sloth bear, wild dog, jungle cat, Chital, black buck, etc. The birds found in this area are babbler, Vulture, peacock, etc. The trees mainly found in this area are sandalwood, bamboo, etc.
Climate of ChittoorThe temperatures range from 46 degrees in summers and 12-18 degrees C in winters.The city receives about 918mm of rainfall every year on an average. The temperature in the Eastern Chittoor district is higher than in the western region where as the temperature in the Chittoor is moderate. The rainfall received by the district is via south-west and north-east monsoon. The south-west monsoon affects the western region where as the north-east monsoon affects the Eastern region of the district.
Mineral Resources in ChittoorMinerals available in Chittoor district are low-grade steatite, soap stone, Granite and road metal and building stones, Granite in different colors of Black, 7 Pink and Grey, Gold, Pyrite, Pyrrhotite, Quartz, Mica, etc.
The mineral resources found in Chittoor are clay/china clay (from Karakambadi), Corundum (from Yerracheruvupalle and Polichettipalli), Moulding Sand (from Kalahasti), Iron Ore Sirasambedu (in the hillocks near Sirasambedu), ferrugenours quartzite (near Krishnapuram), Barytes (in Gudlamadugu near Bairagkhandrika), Gold (From Bisanatham, Chigargunta, Gudupalli, Nandigamadugu, Mallappakonda, Kuddittanapalle and Gollapally of Kuppam), Granite (Kuppam), dolerite dykes (in Chandragiri, Chittoor, Puthuru, Banagarupalem, Changattupalli Vyalapadu and Madanapalli), dolerite dykes, Grey and Multi – Coloured Granites (Thungundrum, Puthuramaddi, Kothevenkatapuram, Chigarapalle, Pathepalyam, Echanari, Varathur, Mudigolam, Pedakalava, Tambuganipalli, Vinjam, Palour, Kondepalli, Bandapalem, Thenebonda, Mahasamudram, Thimmasamudram, Kanthalacheruvu, and Polavara)
Dams and Canals in ChittoorThe dams and canals in Chittoor district are Kumaradhara and Pasupudhara Dams (Tirumala Hills), Gandikota Reservoir (Kadapa district), Telugu Ganga Project, Gravity canal, Gandikota Dam and Main Canal (Chittoor district).
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